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SUERF Policy Notes and SUERF Policy Briefs

SUERF Policy Notes & Briefs offer accessible and concise, high-quality, authoritative and informed analysis on topical issues related to European money and finance. They make research by SUERF Member institutions and academic researchers available to the SUERF network and beyond. SUERF Policy Notes & Briefs are published weekly on the SUERF webpage. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the institution(s) the author(s) is/are affiliated with.

To submit your findings to the SUERF Policy Note and Brief series please contact suerf@oenb.at.

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Date publishedSUERFIssueTitleAuthor(s)
Aug 2022Policy BriefNo 396The pass-through from inflation perceptions to inflation expectationsStefanie J. Huber, Daria Minina, Tobias Schmidt
Aug 2022Policy BriefNo 395Liquidity in bond markets - navigating in troubled watersMartin Scheicher, Andreas Schrimpf
Aug 2022Policy BriefNo 393Stagflation in the 1970s: lessons for the current situationAlmira Enders, Sebastian Giesen, Dominic Quint
Aug 2022Policy BriefNo 391Why is Swiss inflation low?GianLuigi Mandruzzato
Jul 2022Policy BriefNo 385Wake-Up Call ContagionToni Ahnert, Christoph Bertsch
Jul 2022Policy BriefNo 383Measuring the engagement in climate-related financial policymaking: the climate-related financial policy indexPaola D’Orazio
Jul 2022Policy BriefNo 382What Should the Inflation Target Be? Views from 600 EconomistsGene Ambrocio, Andrea Ferrero, Esa Jokivuolle, Kim Ristolainen
Jul 2022Policy BriefNo 378Estimating Growth-at-Risk: Insights from a Structural Nonlinear ModelMatthias Rottner
Jul 2022Policy BriefNo 375A shot in the arm: stimulus packages and firm performance during COVID-19Deniz Igan, Ali Mirzaei, Tomoe Moore
Jul 2022Policy BriefNo 372Toward a green economy: the role of central bank’s asset purchasesAlessandro Ferrari, Valerio Nispi Landi
Jul 2022Policy BriefNo 370Too little too late: ECB’s normalisation path was model- rather than data-drivenDaniel Gros, Farzaneh Shamsfakhr
Jul 2022Policy BriefNo 367The Eurosystem’s bond market share at an all-time high: what does it mean for repo markets?Tomás Carrera de Souza, Tom Hudepohl
Jul 2022Policy BriefNo 365Subjective inflation expectations of households and firmsMichael Weber
Jul 2022Policy BriefNo 364Uncertainty, non-linear contagion and the credit quality channel: an application to the Spanish interbank marketAdrian Carro, Patricia Stupariu
Jun 2022Policy BriefNo 362On Implementing Macroprudential PolicyItai Agur, Sunil Sharma
Jun 2022Policy BriefNo 360On the psychology of inflation and its implicationsPascal Blanqué
Jun 2022Policy BriefNo 354A Coasian Bargain: Climate Financing to Phase Out CoalTobias Adrian, Patrick Bolton, Alissa M. Kleinnijenhuis
Jun 2022Policy NoteNo 282Trade and Climate – The Disrupted NexusStefan P. Schleicher
Jun 2022Policy BriefNo 353How Bad Can Financial Crises Be? A GDP Tail Risk Assessment for PortugalIvan De Lorenzo Buratta, Marina Feliciano, Duarte Maia
Jun 2022Policy BriefNo 351Currency demand at negative interest ratesEdoardo Rainone
Jun 2022Policy BriefNo 350The currency channel of global bank leverage: a boost to fund-raising capacityJustine Pedrono
Jun 2022Policy BriefNo 349How does financial openness affect inequality?Stefan Avdjiev, Tsvetana Spasova
Jun 2022Policy BriefNo 345Can banks weather the green transition? The financial risks of increasingly stringent climate policiesMarco Belloni, Friderike Kuik, Luca Mingarelli
Jun 2022Policy NoteNo 280Should the ECB consider issuing its own securities?Wim Boonstra, Bas van Geffen
May 2022Policy BriefNo 334The local presence of global banksIñaki Aldasoro, John Caparusso, Yingyuan Chen
May 2022Policy NoteNo 278Monitoring Narratives: an Application to the Equity MarketPascal Blanqué, Mohamed Ben Slimane, Amina Cherief, Théo Le Guenedal, Takaya Sekine, Lauren Stagnol
May 2022Policy BriefNo 331Caution: Do not cross! Distance to regulatory capital buffers and lending in Covid-19 timesCyril Couaillier, Marco Lo Duca, Alessio Reghezza, Costanza Rodriguez d’Acri
May 2022Policy BriefNo 330How to regulate crypto currenciesEduard de Jong
May 2022Policy NoteNo 277What business model for the Digital Euro? Lessons from Brazil and SwitzerlandPeter Bofinger, Thomas Haas
May 2022Policy NoteNo 276More than an intellectual game: Exploring the monetary policy and financial stability implications of central bank digital currenciesFabio Panetta
May 2022Policy BriefNo 329Digital payment behaviour differs significantly across countriesJakob Mølgaard Heisel, Marcus Clausen Brock
May 2022Policy BriefNo 327Under Pressure: Credibility of Monetary PolicyAntoine Camous, Dmitry Matveev
May 2022Policy BriefNo 324Uncertainty shocks and the monetary-macroprudential policy mixValeriu Nalban, Andra Smădu
Apr 2022Policy BriefNo 323Is Super-Active Fiscal Policy Desirable?Roberto M. Billi, Carl E. Walsh
Apr 2022Policy BriefNo 322Trends in Monetary Policy Transparency Around the WorldNergiz Dincer, Barry Eichengreen, Petra Geraats
Apr 2022Policy NoteNo 274Stylised facts on debt and financial crisisPedro Duarte Neves
Apr 2022Policy BriefNo 320Global Banking, Regulatory Spillovers, and the Benefits of Macroprudential Policy CoordinationPierre-Richard Agénor, Timothy P Jackson, Luiz A Pereira da Silva
Apr 2022Policy BriefNo 317Evidence on financial literacy and financial inclusion in AlbaniaElona Dushku
Apr 2022Policy BriefNo 315Who owns banks? The household-bank nexus and its implications for bank stock pricesMatías Lamas, David Martinez-Miera
Apr 2022Policy NoteNo 273The return of inflationAgustín Carstens
Apr 2022Policy BriefNo 310Insurers’ investments before and after the COVID-19 outbreakFederico Apicella, Raffaele Gallo, Giovanni Guazzarotti
Mar 2022Policy BriefNo 307On the Welfare Effects of Using Energy and Emissions Taxes to Finance a Labour Tax Reduction in a Multi-sector DSGE ModelNatascha Hinterlang, Anika Martin, Oke Röhe, Nikolai Stähler, Johannes Strobel
Mar 2022Policy BriefNo 306ECB Communication and its Impact on Financial MarketsKlodiana Istrefi, Florens Odendahl, Giulia Sestieri
Mar 2022Policy BriefNo 305Is There Financial Exclusion when Official Lenders Are Considered?María Bru Muñoz
Mar 2022Policy NoteNo 271Financial stability and crypto-assetsPablo Hernández de Cos
Mar 2022Policy BriefNo 302Optimal Monetary Policy and Capital MisallocationBeatriz González, Galo Nuño, Dominik Thaler, Silvia Albrizio
Mar 2022Policy BriefNo 300Household saving and fiscal policy: Evidence for the euro area from a thick modelling perspectiveCristina Checherita-Westphal, Marcel Stechert
Mar 2022Policy BriefNo 299When domestic and foreign QE overlapPaola Di Casola, Pär Stockhammar
Mar 2022Policy BriefNo 294Preparing for the Financial System of the FutureLael Brainard
Mar 2022Policy BriefNo 291The Political Economy of Currency UnionsKai Arvai
Mar 2022Policy BriefNo 290Should monetary finance remain taboo?Itai Agur, Damien Capelle, Giovanni Dell’Ariccia, Damiano Sandri
Mar 2022Policy BriefNo 287The implications of demographics, pension systems, and migration for monetary policyMarcin Bielecki, Michał Brzoza-Brzezina, Marcin Kolasa
Feb 2022Policy BriefNo 279Brexit: Trade diversion due to trade policy uncertaintyEduardo Gutiérrez, Aitor Lacuesta, César Martín-Machuca
Feb 2022Policy BriefNo 276The COVID Non-Performing Loan ’Tsunami’ that Never Happened and How to Avoid it NowReiner Martin, Piroska Nagy-Mohacsi, Elina Ribakova, Jonathan M. Fortun Vargas
Feb 2022Policy BriefNo 274Regulating big tech in the public interestAgustín Carstens
Feb 2022Policy BriefNo 269Recovery as a springboard for changeDebora Revoltella, Tessa Bending, Atanas Kolev
Feb 2022Policy BriefNo 268Monetary policy and the green transitionLena Boneva, Gianluigi Ferrucci, Francesco Paolo Mongelli
Jan 2022Policy BriefNo 267Pledge or pretext? Lessons from the Fiscal CompactMartin Larch, Matthias Busse, László Jankovics
Jan 2022Policy BriefNo 265Has the Impact of the ECB’s Asset Purchases Diminished Over Time?Andrejs Zlobins
Jan 2022Policy BriefNo 263Pitfalls of Inflation Tolerance Ranges Hervé Le Bihan, Magali Marx, Julien Matheron
Jan 2022Policy BriefNo 261Firm financing and public liquidity measures during the pandemicIda Rommedahl Julin, Andreas Kuchler, Alexander Meldgaard Otte
Jan 2022Policy BriefNo 259How to analyse monetary policy transmission and inequality in a three-agent model (THRANK)Maria Eskelinen
Jan 2022Policy BriefNo 255Climate actions and macro-financial stability: The role of central banksFrancesca Diluiso, Barbara Annicchiarico, Matthias Kalkuhl, Jan. C. Minx
Jan 2022Policy NoteNo 263Monetary Policy in a World of Radical UncertaintyMervyn King
Dec 2021Policy BriefNo 254What explains the emergence and diffusion of climate-related financial policies in G20 countries?Paola D’Orazio
Dec 2021Policy BriefNo 253Money market funds in the euro area: Vulnerabilities and the role of macroprudential policyTom Hudepohl, Jeroen Huiting, Annelie Petersen
Dec 2021Policy NoteNo 261Mortgage and real estate markets: Current developments pose risks to financial stabilityFritz Zurbrügg
Dec 2021Policy BriefNo 247Bridge over troubled water? The effectiveness of macroprudential policy during the Covid-19 pandemic in PortugalKatja Neugebauer, Vítor Oliveira, Ângelo Ramos
Dec 2021Policy BriefNo 246Public trust only partly immune to COVID-19 pandemicCarin van der Cruijsen, Jakob de Haan, Nicole Jonker
Dec 2021Policy BriefNo 245How to set Cyclical and Structural capital buffers via Stress tests? A Risk-to-Buffer approachCyril Couaillier, Valerio Scalone
Dec 2021Policy BriefNo 244Switching-track after the Great RecessionFrancesca Vinci, Omar Licandro
Dec 2021Policy NoteNo 259Crises as a catalyst for change – lessons from the past, challenges for the futureJens Weidmann
Dec 2021Policy BriefNo 238Business Dynamism, Sectoral Reallocation and Productivity in a PandemicGuido Ascari, Andrea Colciago, Riccardo Silvestrini
Dec 2021Policy BriefNo 236How to steer interest rates in negative territory? An analysis of reserve tiering and interbank market activityLucas Marc Fuhrer, Matthias Jüttner, Jan Wrampelmeyer, Matthias Zwicker
Nov 2021Policy BriefNo 235Does one (unconventional) size fit all? Effects of the ECB’s unconventional monetary policies on the euro area economiesMaria Sole Pagliari
Nov 2021Policy BriefNo 234Optimism is bad for fiscal outcomesMartin Larch, Janis Malzubris, Matthias Busse
Nov 2021Policy BriefNo 233Caveat EmptorJosé María Roldán
Nov 2021Policy BriefNo 232Central banks on social media – the reception of ECB communication among experts and non-experts on TwitterMichael Ehrmann, Alena Wabitsch
Nov 2021Policy BriefNo 228The effect of monetary policy on stock market valuation is maybe not what you thinkOlli-Matti Laine
Nov 2021Policy BriefNo 220Consumption and service sector key factors in the COVID-19 trade collapseHeli Simola
Nov 2021Policy BriefNo 216Employment Composition Matters for the slope of the Phillips CurveDaniele Siena, Riccardo Zago
Nov 2021Policy BriefNo 215Monetary policy strategies in the New Normal: A model-based analysis for the euro areaFabio Busetti, Stefano Neri, Alessandro Notarpietro, Massimiliano Pisani
Nov 2021Policy BriefNo 213The role of prudential policy in addressing climate changeFernando Restoy
Oct 2021Policy BriefNo 212Private equity buyouts and firm exports: Evidence from UK firmsPaul Lavery, Jose-Maria Serena, Marina-Eliza Spaliara, Serafeim Tsoukas
Oct 2021Policy BriefNo 208Human Frictions in the Transmission of Economic PolicyFrancesco D’Acunto, Daniel Hoang, Maritta Paloviita, Michael Weber
Oct 2021Policy BriefNo 205Mind the promotional gap! Climate-related financial policies and institutional dynamicsMoritz Baer, Emanuele Campiglio, Jérôme Deyris
Oct 2021Policy BriefNo 204Combining negative rates, forward guidance and asset purchases: Identification and impacts of the ECB’s unconventional policiesMassimo Rostagno, Carlo Altavilla, Giacomo Carboni, Wolfgang Lemke, Roberto Motto, Arthur Saint Guilhem
Oct 2021Policy BriefNo 203The reform of the EU’s fiscal governance framework in a new macroeconomic environmentMario Alloza, Javier Andrés, Pablo Burriel, Iván Kataryniuk, Javier J. Pérez, Juan Luis Vega
Oct 2021Policy BriefNo 201Basel III implementation in the European UnionPablo Hernández de Cos
Oct 2021Policy BriefNo 200The highly heterogeneous impact of the Covid-19 crisis on French firmsBenjamin Bureau, Anne Duquerroy, Julien Giorgi, Mathias Lé, Suzanne Scott, Frédéric Vinas
Oct 2021Policy BriefNo 199The impact of macroprudential policies on capital flows in CESEEMarkus Eller, Niko Hauzenberger, Florian Huber, Helene Schuberth, Lukas Vashold
Oct 2021Policy BriefNo 197How to Design a CBDC? Remuneration, Collateral Haircuts and Quantity ConstraintsKatrin Assenmacher, Aleksander Berentsen, Claus Brand, Nora Lamersdorf
Oct 2021Policy BriefNo 196Negative interest rates and the erosion of banks’ interest marginsJorien Freriks, Jan Kakes
Oct 2021Policy BriefNo 195Is window dressing by banks systemically important?Luis Garcia, Ulf Lewrick, Taja Sečnik
Oct 2021Policy BriefNo 192Optimal Robust Monetary Policy with Parameters and Output Gap UncertaintyAdriana Grasso, Guido Traficante
Oct 2021Policy BriefNo 191Macroeconomic stabilisation in the presence of the effective lower bound: the case of the euro areaGünter Coenen, Carlos Montes-Galdón, Sebastian Schmidt
Oct 2021Policy NoteNo 257Systemic Implications of the Bail-in Design: A Precis of our Main TextJ. Doyne Farmer, Charles Goodhart, Alissa M. Kleinnijenhuis
Sep 2021Policy BriefNo 190The Effects of Fiscal Policy when Planning Horizons are FiniteJoep Lustenhouwer, Kostas Mavromatis
Sep 2021Policy BriefNo 186Prudential responses to COVID-19 in G20 countries: a missed opportunity to enhance "green" financial policy and regulations?Paola D’Orazio
Sep 2021Policy BriefNo 183Central bank’s financial result and inter-sectoral transfers of benefitsKrzysztof Kruszewski, Mikołaj Szadkowski
Sep 2021Policy NoteNo 256Ultra low interest rates from the perspective of a central bankerLars Rohde
Sep 2021Policy NoteNo 255Navigating by r*: safe or hazardous?Claudio Borio
Sep 2021Policy BriefNo 180Sovereign CDS Volatility as an Indicator of Economic UncertaintyMaximilian Böck, Martin Feldkircher, Burkhard Raunig
Sep 2021Policy BriefNo 178Contagious ZombiesChristian Bittner, Falko Fecht, Co-Pierre Georg
Sep 2021Policy NoteNo 254Fiscal-Monetary Crosswinds in the Euro AreaLucrezia Reichlin, Giovanni Ricco, Matthieu Tarbé
Sep 2021Policy NoteNo 253Raising r*: Why, how, and if not now, when?Robert Holzmann, Maria T. Valderrama
Sep 2021Policy NoteNo 252Forging the Future of Monetary Union – taking stock and looking forwardMarkus Rodlauer, Rolf Strauch
Sep 2021Policy BriefNo 176Does the ECB’s monetary policy react to the balance of risks?Philippine Cour-Thimann, Alexander Jung
Sep 2021Policy BriefNo 174Low-for-ultra-long policy will not be enough for JapanHiroshi Ugai
Sep 2021Policy BriefNo 172Central banks as bank supervisors: how does this double role affect their inflation outcomes?Vasco Gabriel, Ioannis Lazopoulos, Diana Lima
Sep 2021Policy BriefNo 171Curb your enthusiasm: the aggregate short-run effects of a borrower-based measureJoana Passinhas, Daniel Abreu
Sep 2021Policy BriefNo 169Recycling carbon tax revenuesÁngel Estrada, Daniel Santabárbara
Aug 2021Policy BriefNo 167Limits of stress-test based bank regulationTirupam Goel, Isha Agarwal
Aug 2021Policy BriefNo 165Assessment of the effectiveness of the macroprudential measures implemented in the context of the Covid-19 pandemicLucas Avezum, Vítor Oliveira, Diogo Serra
Aug 2021Policy BriefNo 162The Natural Interest Rate in ChinaSUN Guofeng, Daniel M Rees
Aug 2021Policy BriefNo 159On the Effectiveness of Macroprudential PolicyMiguel Ampudia, Marco Lo Duca, Mátyás Farkas, Gabriel Perez Quiros, Mara Pirovano, Gerhard Rünstler, Eugen Tereanu
Aug 2021Policy BriefNo 154Can Internet banking affect households’ participation in financial markets and financial awareness?Valentina Michelangeli, Eliana Viviano
Aug 2021Policy BriefNo 153What’s the Message? Interpreting Monetary Policy Through Central Bankers’ SpeechesMartin Feldkircher, Paul Hofmarcher, Pierre Siklos
Aug 2021Policy BriefNo 151No country is an island: International cooperation and climate changeMassimo Ferrari, Maria Sole Pagliari
Aug 2021Policy BriefNo 149Regulation of crypto-assets is a must for governments and central banksDaniel Daianu
Aug 2021Policy NoteNo 251Green Liquidity Moves MainstreamPatrick Drury Byrne, Sandeep Chana and Sylvain Broyer
Aug 2021Policy BriefNo 145It’s in the Tails: The Distributional Income Effects of Monetary PolicyNiklas Amberg, Thomas Jansson, Mathias Klein and Anna Rogantini Picco
Aug 2021Policy BriefNo 144A quantitative analysis of the countercyclical capital bufferMiguel Faria e Castro
Aug 2021Policy BriefNo 143The dynamics of macroeconomic downside riskBy Davide Delle Monache, Andrea De Polis and Ivan Petrella
Jul 2021Policy BriefNo 139Consistent recovery and resolution of small and large banks in EuropeAnne Dyrberg Rommer, Louise Kleiner
Jul 2021Policy BriefNo 138Three questions on the outlook for bankingCarolyn Rogers
Jul 2021Policy BriefNo 137Euro area equity risk premia and monetary policyDaniel Kapp, Kristian Loft Kristiansen
Jul 2021Policy BriefNo 136What does “below, but close to, two per cent” mean? Assessing the ECB’s reaction function with real time dataMaritta Paloviita, Markus Haavio, Pirkka Jalasjoki, Juha Kilponen
Jul 2021Policy BriefNo 133Evidence of a macroeconomic reversal ratePaul Konietschke, Anna Samarina, Irina Stanga, Jan Willem van den End
Jul 2021Policy BriefNo 132Euro area portfolio flows in 2020: the impact of the Covid-19 crisisJulia Schmidt, Olivier Sirello
Jul 2021Policy BriefNo 131Investment funds, monetary policy, and the global financial cycleChristoph Kaufmann
Jul 2021Policy NoteNo 249Gender, women economic concerns and monetary policy decision-makingSylvie Goulard
Jul 2021Policy BriefNo 125Monetary policy surprises trigger different responses in the housing market across European regionsWinfried Koeniger, Benedikt Lennartz, Marc-Antoine Ramelet
Jul 2021Policy BriefNo 124Global Financial Uncertainty: Does it Matter for the Global Business Cycle?Giovanni Caggiano, Efrem Castelnuovo
Jul 2021Policy BriefNo 122Barriers to net zero: How firms can make or break the green transitionRalph De Haas, Ralf Martin, Mirabelle Muûls, Helena Schweiger
Jul 2021Policy BriefNo 121How climate protection adds to inflationJörg Krämer, Ralph Solveen
Jul 2021Policy BriefNo 120What is the true resilience of our financial systems to climate change with the buffers we currently have?Alejandro Díaz de León
Jun 2021Policy BriefNo 117Regulating liquidity risk in mutual fundsDominic Cucic
Jun 2021Policy BriefNo 115Understanding the financial risks of nature loss: exploring policy options for financial authoritiesKatie Kedward, Josh Ryan-Collins, Hugues Chenet
Jun 2021Policy BriefNo 111A rising core lifts all basketsBruce Kasman, Joseph Lupton, Michael S Hanson
Jun 2021Policy BriefNo 107Building a more effective financial safety net for poor countriesBruno Cabrillac, Luc Jacolin
Jun 2021Policy NoteNo 246Integrated policy frameworks: The constraints of policy horizons and adjustment frequenciesClaudio Borio and Piti Disyatat
Jun 2021Policy BriefNo 105Monetary policy space and monetary policy strategies for the euro areaMarkus Haavio, Olli-Matti Laine
Jun 2021Policy BriefNo 101The interplay between green policy, electricity prices, financial constraints and jobs: firm-level evidenceGert Bijnens, John Hutchinson, Jozef Konings, Arthur Saint Guilhem
May 2021Policy NoteNo 241Digital Disruption: The Inevitable Rise of CBDCChetan Ahya, Derrick Kam, Julian Richers
May 2021Policy BriefNo 98Detecting turning point in the Danish economy in real time – nowcasting in Danmarks Nationalbank during the covid-19 crisisJesper Pedersen
May 2021Policy BriefNo 94Climate risks and collateral: a methodological experimentPierre-François Weber, Bünyamin Erkan, Antoine Oustry, Romain Svartzman
May 2021Policy BriefNo 93Set-up costs and the financing of young firmsFrançois Derrien, Jean-Stéphane Mésonnier, Guillaume Vuillemey
May 2021Policy NoteNo 239How to prevent a too restrictive fiscal policy in Europe?Wim Boonstra
May 2021Policy NoteNo 238Monetary and Fiscal Policy: Privileged powers, entwined responsibilitiesClaudio Borio and Piti Disyatat
May 2021Policy BriefNo 90SPACs (special purpose acquisition companies)Mario Hübler, Jakob Hanzl, Christoph Prenner
May 2021Policy NoteNo 236Europe’s growth gap: reconciling Keynes and SchumpeterFrançois Villeroy de Galhau
May 2021Policy BriefNo 84Data sharing for better policy makingClaudia Buch
May 2021Policy NoteNo 235Negative Interest Rate Policy – The Experience So FarLuis Brandao Marques, Marco Casiraghi, Gaston Gelos, Gunes Kamber, Roland Meeks
Apr 2021Policy BriefNo 81How the Capital Markets Union can help Europe avoid a liquidity trapSylvain Broyer
Apr 2021Policy BriefNo 80Fed’s financial stability concerns and monetary policyKlodiana Istrefi, Florens Odendahl, Giulia Sestieri
Apr 2021Policy BriefNo 72Uncertainty Is Not an Excuse. Integrating Climate Risks into Monetary Policy Operations and Financial SupervisionJulia Anna Bingler, Chiara Colesanti Senni, Pierre Monnin
Apr 2021Policy BriefNo 71CESEE’s Macroprudential Policy Response to Covid-19Markus Eller, Reiner Martin, Lukas Vashold
Apr 2021Policy BriefNo 69Crisis management of credit institutions: Senior unsecured creditors must prepare for bail-inChristine Sif Larsen, Anne Dyrberg Rommer
Apr 2021Policy BriefNo 68Banking union - achievements and challengesLuis de Guindos
Apr 2021Policy NoteNo 231The challenges to the banking sector a year after the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemicPablo Hernández de Cos
Apr 2021Policy BriefNo 66Unconventional monetary policies and expectations on economic variablesAlessio Anzuini, Luca Rossi
Apr 2021Policy BriefNo 65EMU deepening and sovereign debt spreads: using political space to achieve policy spaceIván Kataryniuk, Víctor Mora-Bajén, Javier J. Pérez
Apr 2021Policy BriefNo 63The role of fiscal policies in the Covid-19 crisis: scope and limitationsNiels Thygesen
Apr 2021Policy BriefNo 61A backstop liquidity facility for a greener economyEric Jondeau, Benoit Mojon, Cyril Monnet
Mar 2021Policy BriefNo 59Whatever it takes to save the planet? Central banks and unconventional green policyAlessandro Ferrari, Valerio Nispi Landi
Mar 2021Policy BriefNo 58Next Generation EU: can we do better?Lorenzo Codogno, Paul van den Noord
Mar 2021Policy BriefNo 56On the Origin of Systemic RiskMattia Montagna, Giovanni Covi, Gabriele Torri
Mar 2021Policy NoteNo 228CBDC: Where is the unique selling proposition?Peter Bofinger,Thomas Haas
Mar 2021Policy NoteNo 226Greening the UK financial system – a fit for purpose approachYannis Dafermos, Daniela Gabor, Maria Nikolaidi, Frank van Lerven
Mar 2021Policy BriefNo 53Who has purchased euro area debt since the start of the health crisis?Olivier Sirello
Feb 2021Policy BriefNo 52Pandemic Recession, Recovery Plan and Helicopter Money: A Tale from the SerenissimaCharles Goodhart, Donato Masciandaro, Stefano Ugolini
Feb 2021Policy NoteNo 225Sharing Economy in the Financial Industry: A Platform Approach towards Sharing in Regulatory Reporting using the Shapley ValueAaron Janowski, Moritz Plenk, Mirko Haselwander
Feb 2021Policy NoteNo 223Bank stress tests: their philosophy and their use by prudential authorities during the Covid-19 crisisValère Fourel, Julien Idier, Valerio Scalone, Aurore Schilte
Feb 2021Policy BriefNo 46The crisis management framework for banks in the EU: what can be done with small and medium-sized banks?Elke König
Feb 2021Policy BriefNo 44The evolution of bond and swap tradingMartin Scheicher
Jan 2021Policy NoteNo 220Is the 100% Reserve Reform Finally Getting Topical?Christian Pfister
Jan 2021Policy NoteNo 219Buffer usability and potential stigma effectsStefan W. Schmitz, Viola Nellessen, Michaela Posch, Peter Strobl
Jan 2021Policy NoteNo 216Capital Buffer Assignments to Other Systemically Important Institutions in the Euro area – Is the Country Heterogeneity in the EU caused by Regulatory Capture?Michael Sigmund
Dec 2020Policy NoteNo 214Is NGEU a game changer for the ECB’s role in fighting the fall-out from COVID-19 in the euro area?Lukas Reiss, Maria Teresa Valderrama
Dec 2020Policy NoteNo 215Consequences for banks’ business from COVID-19 and policy responsesFrancesco Mazzaferro
Dec 2020Policy NoteNo 212Monetary policy effects when interest rates are negativeJoost Bats, Massimo Giuliodori, Aerdt Houben
Dec 2020Policy NoteNo 211Preparing for a higher inflation regimeElga Bartsch, Jean Boivin, Philipp Hildebrand
Dec 2020Policy NoteNo 210On the risk-adjusted performance of machine learning models in credit default predictionAndres Alonso, Jose Manuel Carbo
Nov 2020Policy BriefNo 37In Support of Monetary Policy: Using the Countercyclical Capital Buffer to Avoid a Reversal Interest RateMatthieu Darracq Pariès, Christoffer Kok, Matthias Rottner
Nov 2020Policy NoteNo 206Cyber risk in the financial sectorIñaki Aldasoro, Jon Frost, Leonardo Gambacorta, Thomas Leach, David Whyte
Nov 2020Policy NoteNo 205Retail CBDC Remuneration: The Sign MattersChristian Pfister
Oct 2020Policy NoteNo 202Policy revolutionElga Bartsch, Jean Boivin, Stanley Fischer, Philipp Hildebrand
Oct 2020Policy NoteNo 201Central banks’ response to the “tragedy on the horizon”François Villeroy de Galhau
Oct 2020Policy NoteNo 200Finding the Right “Hall of Mirrors”: The Mixed Blessings of Lessons from the Past for Shaping a Post-COVID FutureRobert Holzmann
Oct 2020Policy BriefNo 32More travel warnings are almost like a new lockdown for the hospitality industryEric Heymann
Oct 2020Policy NoteNo 198The shadow of fiscal dominance: Misconceptions, perceptions and perspectivesIsabel Schnabel
Sep 2020Policy NoteNo 196The Eurosystem collateral framework in 2018 and 2019Marco Corsi, Benjamin Hartung, Viktoriya Gocheva
Sep 2020Policy NoteNo 195The EU’s “Northern enlargement” 25 years on – stocktaking and some thoughts for the futureErnest Gnan and Robert Holzmann
Sep 2020Policy BriefNo 29A Journey through the Monetary Cyber WorldChristian Pfister
Sep 2020Policy BriefNo 27To each crisis its analogy, to each analogy its critical reflectionRobert Holzmann
Sep 2020Policy NoteNo 194Home- and host-country prudential regulation and spillovers in dollar creditStefan Avdjiev, Bryan Hardy, Patrick McGuire, Goetz von Peter
Sep 2020Policy NoteNo 192A rule-based monetary strategy for the European Central Bank: a call for monetary stabilityJuan E. Castañeda
Aug 2020Policy NoteNo 190Finland and monetary policy through three crisesTuomas Välimäki and Meri Obstbaum
Aug 2020Policy NoteNo 189Financial integration in the Nordic-Baltic region vis-à-vis the EU: A Swedish perspectiveDavid Farelius, Stefan Ingves, Magnus Jonsson
Aug 2020Policy NoteNo 187Measuring Regulatory ComplexityJean-Edouard Colliard, Co-Pierre Georg
Aug 2020Policy BriefNo 24The big debt surgeRalph Solveen
Aug 2020Policy NoteNo 186European Recovery Fund: Sceptics Q&AReza Moghadam, Jacob Nell, Joao Almeida, Bruna Skarica, Markus Guetschow
Jul 2020Policy NoteNo 183Retail Central Bank Digital Currencies: means of payment vs store of valueSantiago Fernández de Lis, Pablo Urbiola
Jul 2020Policy BriefNo 18The liquidity trap, monetary policy and the health crisisStéphane Lhuissier
Jun 2020Policy NoteNo 180Which factors drive consumers to adopt crypto-assets? Results from an Austrian surveyHelmut Stix
Jun 2020Policy NoteNo 179The need for a new financial architecture after CORONA, an opinionFreddy Van den Spiegel
Jun 2020Policy NoteNo 177The EU’s recovery plan is the next generation of fiscal solidaritySylvain Broyer
Jun 2020Policy BriefNo 14Do contactless cards really change the way we pay?Martin Brown, Nicole Hentschel, Hannes Mettler, Helmut Stix
May 2020Policy BriefNo 12An ECB digital currency – a flight of fancy?Yves Mersch
May 2020Policy NoteNo 170International inflation co-movementsPhilip R. Lane
May 2020Policy NoteNo 168Cross-border consolidation in the European banking sector: between dreams and realityJan Van Hove
May 2020Policy NoteNo 167Services are the next – and fast approaching – frontier of global trade and financial services is a sector leading the wayRobert Koopman
May 2020Policy BriefNo 10German Constitutional Court vs ECB: Law, Economics and PoliticsDonato Masciandaro
May 2020Policy NoteNo 163Coronavirus and the world of workMonika Kiss
May 2020Policy NoteNo 162How large is the coronavirus macro shock? Putting the near-term record-breaking shock in the long-term contextElga Bartsch, Jean Boivin, Philipp Hildebrand
May 2020Policy BriefNo 7Covid-19 policy response and the role of the EIBDebora Revoltella
May 2020Policy BriefNo 5An EU Recovery Fund: How to square the circle?Kajus Hagelstam, Alice Zoppè, Cristina Sofia Dias
May 2020Policy NoteNo 161Shh, don’t say it! ECB Helicopter Money: Economics and PoliticsDonato Masciandaro
Apr 2020Policy NoteNo 160Interlinking Europe’s recovery plan and the next EU budgetKevin Körner and Barbara Böttcher
Apr 2020Policy NoteNo 156Navigation tools in the semi-normal corona eraAndy Langenkamp
Apr 2020Policy NoteNo 155The range of different opinions and moods in Germany on collective ‘corona bonds’Ingobert Waltenberger
Apr 2020Policy NoteNo 154The Prudent Algorithm Principle: A new paradigm for financial supervisionJakob Thomä
Apr 2020Policy NoteNo 152European banks in the corona crisisJan Schildbach
Apr 2020Policy NoteNo 148Reflections on the health and financial crisisJacques de Larosière
Apr 2020Policy NoteNo 147Does It Fit? Tweeting on Monetary Policy and Central Bank CommunicationDonato Masciandaro, Davide Romelli, Gaia Rubera
Apr 2020Policy NoteNo 146The European Deposit Insurance Scheme: Economic Rationale, Issues and Policy SolutionsEttore Panetti
Mar 2020Policy NoteNo 144Euro Area Economics: Putting the OOH into HICPJacob Nell, Bruna Skarica, Joao Almeida, Markus Guetschow
Mar 2020Policy NoteNo 143Central Bank Digital Currency: A PrimerChristian Pfister
Mar 2020Policy NoteNo 139Capital Regulations and the Management of Credit Commitments during Crisis TimesPaul Pelzl, María Teresa Valderrama
Mar 2020Policy NoteNo 138Euro Area Economics: Greenflation?Jacob Nell, Joao Almeida, Markus Guetschow
Mar 2020Policy NoteNo 137R-star decline and monetary hysteresisPhurichai Rungcharoenkitkul
Mar 2020Policy NoteNo 136Mortgage Lending and Macroprudential Policy in the UK and USAlan Brener
Feb 2020Policy NoteNo 135Cost-Efficiency and Productivity of euro area banksIvan Huljak, Reiner Martin, Diego Moccero
Feb 2020Policy NoteNo 132The European Banking UnionMargarita Delgado
Feb 2020Policy NoteNo 131Populism, Economic Policies and Central Banking: an OverviewErnest Gnan, Donato Masciandaro
Feb 2020Policy NoteNo 129How Could Central Bank Digital Currencies Be Designed?Itai Agur, Anil Ari, Giovanni Dell’Ariccia
Feb 2020Policy NoteNo 128Interests and alliancesKlaas Knot
Jan 2020Policy NoteNo 127Europe’s role in the global financial systemLuis de Guindos
Jan 2020Policy NoteNo 126Bank resolution, the need to recognize reality in order to prepare for the next crisisJesper Berg, Henrik Bjerre-Nielsen
Jan 2020Policy NoteNo 125Should central banks also be supervisors: a political economy perspectiveDonato Masciandaro
Jan 2020Policy NoteNo 124Economic policy in EMU: What role for fiscal and monetary policy? Which has more scope left? How to combine them?Marco Buti
Jan 2020Policy NoteNo 122TCFD: strengthening the foundations of sustainable financeMark Carney
Jan 2020Policy NoteNo 121The quest for policy scope: Implications for monetary policy strategiesKlaas Knot
Dec 2019Policy NoteNo 120Investing in Europe’s Competitiveness and SustainabilityWerner Hoyer
Dec 2019Policy NoteNo 118Deposit facility rate, bank reserves, and portfolio reallocation incentivesManuel Buchholz, Kirsten Schmidt, Lena Tonzer
Nov 2019Policy NoteNo 117Euro Area Fiscal Policy: The Factual, the Possible and the SurprisingDaniele Antonucci
Nov 2019Policy NoteNo 115Putting macroprudential policy to work: a case study on the Dutch housing marketPaul Hilbers, Marco van Hengel
Nov 2019Policy NoteNo 113Ten years after Lehman, is the financial system safer?Denis Beau
Nov 2019Policy NoteNo 112Inflation In The Eurozone Is Dead. Long Live (The Right Kind Of) InflationSylvain Broyer
Nov 2019Policy NoteNo 110Towards a European Governance Framework for CryptoassetsJason Grant Allen, Rosa María Lastra
Oct 2019Policy NoteNo 109The rise of central banks as sovereign debt holders: Implications for investor basesAlvise Lennkh, Bernhard Bartels, Thibault Vasse
Oct 2019Policy NoteNo 108Libra – a view from EuropeHeike Mai
Oct 2019Policy NoteNo 107Tackling non-performing loans in EuropePeter Grasmann, Markus Aspegren, Nicolas Willems
Oct 2019Policy NoteNo 105Dealing with the next downturn: From unconventional monetary policy to unprecedented policy coordination Elga Bartsch, Jean Boivin, Stanley Fischer, Philipp Hildebrand
Sep 2019Policy NoteNo 103Non-banks in the EU: ensuring a smooth transition to a Capital Markets UnionFatima Pires
Sep 2019Policy NoteNo 101Central bank digital currency: institutional issuesWim Boonstra
Sep 2019Policy NoteNo 99The euro’s global role: past, present and futureArnaud Mehl
Sep 2019Policy NoteNo 94Escaping the Trap: Secular Stagnation, Monetary Policy and Financial FragilityMartin Wolf
Sep 2019Policy NoteNo 93European Economic and Monetary Union: from the Past into the FutureJean-Claude Trichet
Aug 2019Policy NoteNo 90Restricting or Abolishing Cash: An Effective Instrument for Eliminating the Shadow Economy, Corruption and Terrorism?Friedrich Schneider
Aug 2019Policy NoteNo 89Central banks still run money creationDaniel Daianu
Aug 2019Policy NoteNo 88Mitigating Fiscal Risks from the Financial SectorLudger Schuknecht
Jul 2019Policy NoteNo 86Regulatory complexity and the quest for robust regulationPrasanna Gai, Malcolm Kemp, Antonio Sánchez Serrano, Isabel Schnabel
Jul 2019Policy NoteNo 83Global economic governance at a crossroadsCarlo Monticelli
Jul 2019Policy NoteNo 82Rethinking Capital Regulation: The Case for a Dividend Prudential Target in the Euro AreaManuel Muñoz
Jun 2019Policy NoteNo 80A products and activities approach to managing risk in asset managementBarbara Novick
Jun 2019Policy NoteNo 79Financial aspects of BrexitThomas Url
Jun 2019Policy NoteNo 75The future of financial stability: Maintaining effectiveness while reducing complexityAndreas Ittner
May 2019Policy NoteNo 71Rethinking the Trade-offs for Monetary Policy in an Era of GlobalizationEnrique Martínez-García
May 2019Policy NoteNo 69The post-crisis Phillips Curve and its policy implications: cumulative wage gap matters for inflationLiviu Voinea
Apr 2019Policy NoteNo 65A New HorizonMark Carney
Mar 2019Policy NoteNo 61Beyond voluntary disclosure: why a ‘market-shaping’ approach to financial regulation is needed to meet the challenge of climate changeJosh Ryan-Collins
Mar 2019Policy NoteNo 60Fiscal RulesVitor Gaspar, David Amaglobeli
Mar 2019Policy NoteNo 59New Frontiers in the Euro Debate in IcelandThorsteinn Thorgeirsson
Jan 2019Policy NoteNo 53The output cost of the global financial crisis: A reappraisal after ten yearsDavid Turner, Patrice Ollivaud
Jan 2019Policy NoteNo 52Monetary Policy beyond normalizationMaria Demertzis
Nov 2018Policy NoteNo 48Trends and Cycles in Financial IntermediationPhilip R. Lane
Nov 2018Policy NoteNo 47Regtech meets financial supervision: how climate scenario analysis by supervisors is ushering in a new regulatory paradigmJakob Thomä
Nov 2018Policy NoteNo 46Global financial vulnerabilities: Get ready for a bumpy rideClaudio Borio
Oct 2018Policy NoteNo 45A plea for a paradigm shift in financial decision-making in the age of climate change and disruptive technologiesAngela Köppl, Sigrid Stagl
Oct 2018Policy NoteNo 43A Green Supporting Factor — The Right Policy?Jacob Dankert, Lars van Doorn, Henk Jan Reinders, Olaf Sleijpen
Sep 2018Policy NoteNo 42Preserving regulatory certainty: The review of insurers’ capital requirementsGabriel Bernardino
Sep 2018Policy NoteNo 41Central banks should reflect climate risks in monetary policy operationsPierre Monnin
Aug 2018Policy NoteNo 4021st century cash: Central banking, technological innovation and digital currenciesFabio Panetta
Jun 2018Policy NoteNo 38The future for central bank balance sheets and their potential use as a macroprudential toolPaul Fisher
Jun 2018Policy NoteNo 37A solid common landing ground for EMUJeroen Dijsselbloem
May 2018Policy NoteNo 34Modern financial repression in the euro area crisis: making high public debt sustainable?Ad van Riet
May 2018Policy NoteNo 33Populism and Central Bank IndependenceDonato Masciandaro, Francesco Passarelli
Apr 2018Policy NoteNo 31Opportunities and challenges for banking regulation and supervision in the digital ageJosé Manuel González-Páramo
Mar 2018Policy NoteNo 29European Monetary Union reform preferences of French and German parliamentariansSebastian Blesse, Pierre C. Boyer, Friedrich Heinemann, Eckhard Janeba, Anasuya Raj
Mar 2018Policy NoteNo 28Credit conditions and corporate investment in EuropeLaurent Maurin, Rozalia Pal, Philipp-Bastian Brutscher
Jan 2018Policy NoteNo 25The New Silk Road: Implications for EuropeStephan Barisitz, Alice Radzyner
Jan 2018Policy NoteNo 23The occasional importance of the current account in an era of a global savings glutJesper Berg, Steffen Lind
Nov 2017Policy NoteNo 21Risk sharing in EMU: key insights from a literature reviewDemosthenes Ioannou, David Schäfer
Nov 2017Policy NoteNo 20Recent developments in Chinese shadow bankingMichael Chui, Christian Upper
Jun 2017Policy NoteNo 13The political economy of central banking in the digital ageSir Paul Tucker
May 2017Policy NoteNo 12(No) worries about the new shape of international capital flowsMatthieu Bussiére, Julia Schmidt, Natacha Valla
Dec 2016Policy NoteNo 9Two turbulent centuries: Lessons from Austria’s monetary policy, 1816-2016Ernest Gnan, Clemens Jobst
Nov 2016Policy NoteNo 8Doves, Hawks and Pigeons: Behavioral Monetary Policy MakingDonato Masciandaro
Apr 2016Policy NoteNo 5Some seeming paradoxes or interesting points of Russia’s economy and banking sectorStephan Barisitz
Feb 2016Policy NoteNo 4Gender diversity and monetary policyDonato Masciandaro, Paola Profeta, Davide Romelli
Dec 2015Policy NoteNo 3Cash without future? Future without cash? A wider viewChristian Beer, Urs W. Birchler, Ernest Gnan
Sep 2015Policy NoteNo 1What is money and who says so?Peter R. Fisher

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