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Brussels, 27 July 2022 — The COVID-19 pandemic was a health crisis that impacted millions of individuals. It quickly led to global economic disruption, which saw SMEs and large corporates suffer challenges and losses they had never previously faced.
 
The start of COVID-19 also marked the beginning of a period of extreme uncertainty for chief risk officers (CROs), with little prospect of a return to the norm in the short term. Banks faced political and public pressure to support individuals, small businesses and large corporates, all at a time when they were being squeezed on capital. For bank CROs, the uncertainty it created was on a scale few had ever contemplated.
 
There were several key periods for CROs within this timeline:
 

1. The immediate response to COVID-19 and widescale economic shutdowns

As COVID-19 hit, CROs had to respond to economic-wide shutdowns and an unprecedented pause on activity across sectors. Banks then had to use judgments on the extent of provisions needed using overlays, as models were unable to assess the level of losses in such an atypical scenario.
 
2. Easing of concerns as stimulus and furlough mitigated worst-case scenarios
 
The industry responded well through its own forbearance, as well as working with the authorities to ensure stimulus helped keep economies afloat. As defaults failed to reach the levels predicted, bank CROs started to release provisions while focusing attention on sectors most exposed to lockdowns, such as tourism, construction and leisure.
 
3. Start of the war in Ukraine
 
CROs had to react to any direct exposure to Russia, as well as consider the impact of sanctions and the impact on sectors hit by disruptions (e.g., energy-intensive sectors or sectors related to food security).
 
4. Managing the fallout of the war, COVID-19 defaults and higher inflation
 
Banks are now navigating a complex array of drivers as they look at their loan exposure. As well as inflation, the threat of recession and the impact of high energy costs, they are also having to prepare for defaults finally occurring as a result of COVID-19, as businesses potentially may struggle without government support.
 
As part of the knowledge partnership between EY and the EBF, we wanted to shed more light on how banks navigated each of these stages. We surveyed 63 banks from 22 European countries as the pandemic eased and ahead of the start of the Ukraine war. We also spoke to banks to gauge how the war has changed the pressures they face and their views on what the future holds.

Download the EY EBF CRO ReportDownload the EY EBF CRO Report

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